Racial differences in the criminalization of the mentally ill.
P. M. Grekin, R. Jemelka and E. W. Trupin,
Bull. Amer. Acad. Psychiatry & the Law
22(3): 411-20, 1994.
"Criminalization," the hypothesis that mentally ill persons are diverted to the criminal justice system,
has been difficult to confirm. The few relevant studies have examined aspects of the mental health
or the criminal justice systems, but not both. This study compares state hospital admissions with the
admission of mentally ill persons to state prisons. There was considerable variation between
counties. Counties sent more mentally ill members of their largest minority group to prison than
expected. These results suggest that jurisdictions differ in their use of these two systems and that race
is a factor in this difference.