A Model For Predicting Depression in Victims of Rape
C. Regehr, G. Regehr and J. Bradford,
Journal of the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law
26(4): 595-605, 1998.
This article proposes a model for understanding the factors contributing to
long-standing depression in women who have been raped. A path analysis of data obtained from 71
women who had been raped revealed that women with generalized beliefs that they could not control
events in their lives were more likely to attribute responsibility for their rape to permanent
intrapsychic factors and were more likely to be depressed. Women who perceived that they had
higher levels of internal control tended to have higher levels of education, were more likely to be
employed, and were less likely to be depressed more than one year after having been raped.
Childhood sexual abuse was not associated with internal control or attributions of causality or
depression in this analysis. Implications for the determination of prognosis and treatment
recommendations in civil litigation assessments are discussed.