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Landmark Cases

Landmark Cases 2014

AAPL selects Landmark Cases which it thinks especially important and significant for forensic psychiatry. This list is not officially recognized by the ABPN. AAPL revises the list from time to time.

Civil Rights of Psychiatric Patients

A. Right to Treatment
  •  Rouse v. Cameron, 373 F.2d 451 (1966)
  • Wyatt v. Stickney, 344 F.Supp. 387 (1972)
  • Donaldson v. O'Connor, 493 F.2d 507 (1974) **
  • Youngberg v. Romeo, 457 U.S. 307, 102 S.Ct. 2452 (1982)
B. Right to Refuse Treatment
  • Application of President and Directors of Georgetown College Inc., 118 U.S. App. D.C. 80, 331 F.2d 1000 (1964) **, ****
  • Superintendent of Belchertown State School v. Saikewicz, 370 N.E.2d 417 (1977) ***
  • Guardianship of Roe, 383 Mass. 415, 421 N.E.2d 40 (1981) **
  • Rennie v. Klein, 720 F.2d 266 (1983)
  •  Rogers v. Commissioner of Dept. of Mental Health, 390 Mass. 489, 458 N.E.2d 308 (1983)
  • Washington v. Harper, 494 U.S. 210, 110 S.Ct. 1028 (1990)
  • Hargrave v. Vermont, 340 F.3d 27 (2003)
  • Sell v. U.S., 539 U.S. 166, 123 S.Ct. 2174 (2003)
C. Right to Die
  • Vacco v. Quill, 117 S.Ct.  2293 (1997) ***
  • Washington v. Glucksberg, 117 S.Ct. 2258 (1997) (including concurring opinion)
D. Civil Commitment
  •  Lake v. Cameron, 364 F.2d 657 (1966) *, ****               
  • Lessard v. Schmidt, 349 F.Supp. 1078 (1972) **, ****  
  • O'Connor v. Donaldson, 422 U.S. 563, 95 S.Ct. 2486 (1975)
  • Fasulo v. Arafeh, 378 A.2d 553 (1977) *          
  • Addington v. Texas, 441 U.S. 418, 99 S.Ct. 1804 (1979)
  • Parham v. JR, 442 U.S. 584, 99 S.Ct. 2493 (1979)
  • In re Richardson, 481 A.2d 473 (1984) *         
  • Zinermon v. Burch, 494 U.S. 113, 110 S.Ct. 975 (1990)
E. Managed Care                                                                 
  • Wickline v. State, 239 Cal. Rptr.  810 (1987) *
  • Wilson v. Blue Cross of Southern California, 271 Cal. Rptr.  876 (1990) *        
  • Corcoran v. United Healthcare, Inc., 965 F.2d 1321 (1992) ***
  • Dukes v. United Healthcare, Inc., 57 F.3d 350 3d Cir. (1995) **
  • NYS Conf. of Blue Cross & Blue Shield Plans, et al.  v. Travelers, 115 S.Ct. 1671 (1995) **
  • Aetna Health Inc. v. Davila, 542 U.S. 200, 124 S.Ct. 2488 (2004) ***

Physician-Patient Relationship Cases

A. Informed Consent
  • Natanson v. Kline, 350 P.2d 1093 (1960) *    
  • Canterbury v. Spence, 150 U.S. App. D.C.  263, 464 F.2d 772 (1972)
  • Kaimowitz v. Michigan DMH, 1 MDLR 147 (1973)
  • Truman v. Thomas, 27 Cal. 3d 285, 611 P.2d 902 (1980) **
  • Cruzan v. Director, Missouri DMH, 497 U.S 261, 110 S.Ct.  2841 (1990)
B. Confidentiality/Privilege/Privacy
  • In re Lifschutz, 2 Cal. 3d 415, 467 P.2d 557 (1970)
  • Doe v.  Roe, 400 N.Y.Supp.  2d 668 (1977)
  • Whalen v. Roe, 429 U.S. 589, 97 S.Ct. 869 (1977) ***
  • Hawaii v. Ariyoshi, 481F.Supp. 1028 (1979) *
  • In re Zuniga, 714 F. 2d 632 (1983) *
  • Commonwealth v.  Kobrin, 395 Mass. 284, 479 N.E. 2d 674 (1985) **
  • Jaffee v. Redmond, 116 S.Ct. 1923 (1996)
C. Liability to Patients
  • Roy v. Hartogs, 381 N.Y.S. 2d 587 (1976)
  • Clites v. Iowa, 322 N.W.  2d 917 (Iowa Ct. App. 1982)
  • Aetna v. McCabe, 556 F.Supp.  1342 (1983) **
  • Mazza v. Medical Mutual Insurance Co. of North Carolina, 319 S.E. 2d 217 (1984) ***
D. Duty to Protect
  •  Tarasoff v. Regents of University of California, 17 Cal. 3d 425, 551 P.2d 334, 131 Cal. Rptr.  14 (1976)
  • Lipari v. Sears, 497 F.Supp. 185 (D. Neb. 1980)
  • Jablonski v. U.S., 712 F.2d 391 (1983) ***
  • Petersen v. State of Washington, 671 P.2d 230 (1983) *         
  • Naidu v. Laird, 539 A.2d 1064 (Del.  1988) ***
  • People v. Wharton, 809 P.2d 290 (1991) *    
  • Menendez v. Superior Court, 834 P.2d 786 (1992) * 

Criminal Process Cases

A. Competency to Stand Trial
  • Dusky v. U.S., 362 U.S. 402, 80 S.Ct.  788 (1960)
  • Wilson v. U.S., 129 U.S. App. D.C.  107, 391 F.2d 460 (1968)
  • Jackson v. Indiana, 406 U.S. 715, 92 S.Ct.  1845 (1972)
  • Sieling v. Eyman, 478 F.2d 211 (9th Cir Ariz. 1973) **
  • Drope v. Missouri, 420 U.S. 162 (1975) *
  • Riggins v. Nevada, 112 S.Ct. 1810 (1992)
  • Godinez v. Moran, 113 S.Ct. 2680 (1993)
  • Cooper v. Oklahoma, 116 S.Ct. 1373 (1996)
  • Indiana v. Edwards, 554 U.S. 164 (2008)
B. Criminal Responsibility
i. Insanity Defense
  • M'Naghten's Case, 8 Eng.  Rep. 718,  SEng Rep. 722  (1843)
  • Durham v. U.S., 94 U.S. App. D.C.  228, 214 F.2d 862 (1954)
  • Washington v.  U.S., 129 U.S. App. D.C. 29, 390 F.2d 444 (1967)
  • Frendak  v.  U.S., 408 A.2d 364 (1979)
  • Jones v. U.S., 463 U.S.  354, 103 S.Ct. 3043 (1983)
  • U.S. v. Torniero, 735 F.2d 725 (1984) *             
  • Foucha v. Louisiana, 112 S.Ct. 1780 (1992)
  • Clark v. Arizona, 548 U.S. 735, 126 S.Ct. 2709 (2006)
ii. Diminished Capacity
  •  People v. Patterson, 39 N.Y.2d 288, 347 N.E.2d 898 (1976) **  
  • Ibn-Tamas v.  U.S., 407 A.2d 626 (D.C. 1979)
  • People v. Saille, 820 P. 2d 588 (1991) *           
  • Montana v.  Engelhoff, 116 S.Ct. 2013 (1996)
C. Psychiatry and the Death Penalty
  • Estelle v. Smith, 451 U.S. 454, 101 S.Ct. 1866 (1981)
  • Barefoot v. Estelle, 463 U.S.  880, 103 S.Ct.  3383 (1983)
  • Ake v. Oklahoma, 470 U.S. 68, 105 S.Ct. 1087 (1985)
  • Ford v. Wainwright, 477 U.S. 399, 106 S.Ct. 2595 (1986)
  • Payne v. Tennessee, 111 S.Ct. 2597 (1991)
  • State v. Perry, 610 So.2d  746 (1992)
  • Atkins v. Virginia, 536 U.S. 304, 122 S.Ct. 2242 (2002)
  • Roper v. Simmons, 543 U.S. 551, 125 S.Ct. 1183 (2005)
  • Panetti v. Quarterman, 127 S. Ct.  2842 (2007)
D. Prisoner's Rights
  • Baxstrom v. Herold, 383 U.S. 107, 86 S.Ct.  760 (1966)
  • Estelle v. Gamble, 429 U.S. 97, 97 S.Ct. 285 (1976)
  • Vitek  v. Jones, 445  U.S  480, 100 S.Ct. 1254 (1980)
  • Farmer v. Brennan, 114 S.Ct. 1970 (1994)
  • Brown v. Plata 134 S.Ct. 436 (2011)
E. Defendant's Rights
i. Confessions
  •  Colorado v. Connelly, 479 U.S. 157, 107 S.Ct. 515 (1986)
ii. Guilty Pleas
  •  North Carolina v. Alford, 400 U.S. 25, 91 S.Ct. 160 (1970)
iii.  Sex Offenders
  • Specht v. Patterson, 386 U.S. 605, 87 S.Ct. 1209 (1967)
  • Allen v. Illinois, 478 U.S. 364, 106 S.Ct. 2988 (1986)
  • In re Young, 857 P.2d.  989 (1993) **
  • Kansas v.  Hendricks, 117 S.Ct. 2072 (1997)
  • Kansas v. Crane, 534 U.S. 407, 122 S.Ct.  867 (2002)
  • McKune v. Lile, 536 U.S. 24, 122 S.Ct. 2017 (2002)
  • U.S.  v. Comstock, 560 U.S. 126, 130 S.Ct. 1949 (2010)
F. Drugs/Alcohol
  •  Robinson v. California, 370 U.S. 660, 82 S.Ct. 1417 (1962)
  • Powell v. Texas, 392 U.S. 514, 88 S.Ct. 2145 (1968)
G. Hypnosis
  •  State v.  Hurd, 173 N.J.  Super.  333, 414 A.2d 291 (1980)
  • People v. Shirley, 181 Cal. Rptr. 243 (1982) **
  • Rock v. Arkansas, 483 U.S. 44, 107 S.Ct. 2704 (1987)

Emotional Harm/Disability/Workplace Cases

  • Carter v. General Motors, 361 Mich.  577, 106 N.W.2d 105 (1960) **
  • Dillon v. Legg, 68 Cal.  2d 728, 441 P.2d 912 (1968)
  • Forrisi v. Bowen, 794 F.2d 931 (1986) *
  • Nassau County v. Arline, 480 U.S. 273 (1987) *
  • Thing v. La Chusa, 771 P.2d 814 (1989) *
A. Americans With Disabilities Act
  • Bragdon v. Abbott, 118 S.Ct. 2196 (1998)
  • Pennsylvania v. Yesky, 118 S.Ct. 1952 (1998) **
  • Olmstead v. L. C. ex rei.  Zimring, 119 S.Ct. 2176 (1999)
  • Toyota Motor Mfg., Ky. v. Williams, 534 U.S. 184, 122 S.Ct. 681 (2002) ***
  • U.S. v. Georgia, 546 U.S. 151, 126 S.Ct. 877 (2006)
B. Sexual Harassment
  • Meritor Savings Bank FSB v. Vinson, 106 S.Ct. 2399 (1986)
  • Harris v.  Forklift Systems, Inc., 114 S.Ct. 367 (1993)
  • Oncale v. Sundowner Offshore Services, Inc., 118 S.Ct. 998 (1998)
C. Expert Witness Testimony Standards
  • Frye v. U.S., 293 F. 1013 (1923)
  • Daubert v. Merrell Dow Pharmaceuticals Inc., 61 U.S.L.W. 4805, 113 S.Ct.  2786 (1993)
  • General Electric Co. v. Joiner, 118 S.Ct. 512 (1997) ***
  • Kumho Tire Co., Ltd.  v. Carmichael, 119 S.Ct. 1167 (1999)

Child Cases

A. Child Abuse Reporting
  • Landeros v. Flood, 17 Cal. 3d 399, 551 P.2d 389 (1976)
  • People v. Stritzinger, 34 Cal. 3d 505, 668 P.2d 738 (1983)
  • State v. Andring, 342 N.W.2d 128 (Minn.  1984)
  • DeShaney v. Winnebago County Dept. of Social Services, 489 U.S. 189, 109 S.Ct. 998 (1989)
B. Juvenile Court
  • Application of Gault, 387 U.S. 1, 87 S.Ct. 1428 (1967)
  • Fare v. Michael C., 442 U.S. 707 (1979)
C. Education-Related Services
  • Board of Education of Hendrick Hudson Central School Dist. Westchester County v. Rowley, 458 U.S. 176, 102 S.Ct. 3034 (1982) 
  • Irving Independent School District v. Tatro, 468 U.S. 883, 104 S.Ct. 3371 (1984)
D. Custody
  • Painter v. Bannister, 258 Iowa 1390, 140 N.W.2d 152 (1966)
  • Santosky v. Kramer, 455 U.S. 745, 102 S.Ct. 1388  (1982)
E. Juvenile Sentencing
  •  Graham v. Florida 560 U.S. 48, 130 S.Ct. (2011)
  •  Miller v. Alabama, 132 S. Ct. 2455 (2012)

Landmark Case List Legend

* denotes cases on the Landmarks list from prior years but deleted in 1999

** denotes cases on the Landmarks list from prior years but deleted in 2007

*** denotes cases on the Landmarks list from prior years but deleted in 2014

**** denotes cases deleted from the Landmarks list from prior years but re-added in 2014