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Landmark Cases

Landmark Cases

AAPL selects Landmark Cases which it thinks especially important and significant for forensic psychiatry. This list is not officially recognized by the ABPN. AAPL revises the list from time to time.

The list below includes additions and deletions applied through year 2000.

Civil Rights of Psychiatric Patients

Right to Treatment
  • Rouse v. Cameron, 125 U.S. App. D.C. 366, 373 F.2d 451 (1966)
  • Wyatt v. Stickney, 344 F.Supp. 387 (M.D. Ala. 1972)
  • Donaldson v. O'Connor, 493 F.2d 507 (5th Cir. 1974)
  • Youngberg v. Romeo, 457 U.S. 307, 102 S.Ct. 2452 (1982)
Right to Refuse Treatment
  • App. of Pres. & Dir. of Georgetown., 118 U.S. App. D.C. 80, 331 F.2d 1000 (1964)
  • Super. of Belchertown v. Saikowitz, 383 Mass. 728, 370 N.E.2d 417 (1977)
  • Guardianship of Richard Roe III, In Re, 383 Mass. 415, 421 N.E.2d 40 (1981)
  • Rennie v. Klein, 720 F.2d 266 (3d Cir. 1983)
  • Rogers v. Commissioner, 390 Mass. 489, 458 N.E.2d 308 (1983)
  • Washington v. Harper, 494 U.S. 210, 110 S.Ct. 1028 (1990)
Right To Die
  • Vacco v. Quill, 117 S.Ct. 2293 (1997)
  • Washington v. Glucksberg, 117 S.Ct. 2258 (1997)
Civil Commitment
  • Lessard v. Schmidt, 349 F.Supp. 1078 (E.D. Wis. 1972)
  • O'Connor v. Donaldson, 422 U.S. 563, 95 S.Ct. 2486 (1975)
  • Addington v. Texas, 441 U.S. 418, 99 S.Ct. 1804 (1979)
  • Parham v. JR and JL, 442 U.S. 584, 99 S.Ct. 2493 (1979)
  • Zinermon v. Burch, 494 U.S. 113, 110 S.Ct. 975 (1990)
Managed Care
  • NYS Conf. of Blue Cross & Blue Shield Plans, et al. v. Travelers, 115 S.Ct. 1671 (1995)
  • Corcoran v. United Healthcare, Inc., 965 F.2d 1321 5th Cir. (1992)
  • Dukes v. United Healthcare, Inc., 57 F.3d 350 3d Cir. (1995)

Physician-Patient Relationship Cases

Informed Consent
  • Canterbury v. Spence, 150 U.S. App. D.C. 263, 464 F.2d 772 (1972)
  • Kaimowitz v. Michigan DMH, 1 MDLR 147 (1976)
  • Truman v. Thomas, 27 Cal. 3d 285, 611 P.2d 902 (1980)
  • Cruzan v. Director, Missouri DMH, 497 U.S 261, 110 S.Ct. 2841 (1990)
Confidentiality/Privilege/Privacy
  • Lifschutz, In Re, 2 Cal. 3d 415, 467 P.2d 557 (1970)
  • Whalen v. Roe, 429 U.S. 589, 97 S.Ct. 869 (1977)
  • Doe v. Roe, 400 N.Y.Supp.2d 668 (1977)
  • Jaffee v. Redmond, 116 S.Ct. 1923 (1996)
  • Commonwealth v. Kobrin, 395 Mass. 1004, 479 N.E. 2d 674 (1985)
Liability to Patients
  • Roy v. Hartogs, 381 N.Y.S. 2d 587 (1976)
  • Aetna v. McCabe, 556 F.Supp. 1342 (1983)
  • Mazza v. Huffaker, 311 N.C. 621, 319 S.E. 2d 217 (1984)
  • Clites v. Iowa, 322 N.W. 2d 917 (Iowa Ct. App. 1982)
Duty to Protect
  • Tarasoffv. Regents, 17 Cal. 3d 425, 551 P.2d 334, 131 Cal. Rptr. 14 (1976)
  • Lipari v. Sears, 497 F.Supp. 185 (D. Neb. 1980)
  • Jablonski v. U.S., 712 F.2d 391 (1983)
  • Naidu v. Laird, 539 A.2d 1064 (Del. 1988)

Criminal Process

Competency to Stand Trial
  • Dusky v. U.S., 362 U.S. 402, 80 5. Ct. 788 (1960)
  • Wilson v. U.S., 129 U.S. App. D.C. 107, 391 F.2d 460 (1968)
  • Jackson v. Indiana, 406 U.S. 715, 92 S.Ct. 1845 (1972)
  • Seiling v. Eyman, 478 F.2d 211 (9th Cir Ariz. 1973)
  • Godinez v. Moran, 113 S.Ct. 2680 (1993)
  • Riggins v. Nevada, 112 S.Ct. 1810 (1992)
  • Cooper v. Oklahoma, 116 S.Ct. 1373 (1996)
Criminal Responsibility
Insanity Defense    
  • Naghten's Case, 8 Eng. Rep.718, SEng Rep. 722, (1843)    
  • Durham v. U.S., 94 U.S. App. D.C. 228, 214 F.2d 862, (1954)    
  • Washington v. U.S., 129 U.S. App. D.C. 29, 390 F.2d 444 (1967)    
  • Frendak v. U.S., 408 A.2d 364 (D.C. 1979)    
  • Jones v. U.S., 463 U.S. 354, 103 S.Ct. 3043 (1983)    
  • Foucha v. Louisiana, 112 S.Ct. 1780 (1992)
Diminished Capacity    
  • People v. Patterson, 39 N.Y.2d 288, 347 N.E.2d 898 (1976)    
  • Ibn-Tamas v. U.S., 407 A.2d 626 (D.C. 1979)    
  • Montana v. Engelhoff, 116 S.Ct. 2013 (1996)
Psychiatry and the Death Penalty
  • Estelle v. Smith, 451 U.S. 454, 101 S.Ct. 1866 (1981)
  • Barefoot v. Estelle, 463 U.S. 880, 103 S.Ct. 3383 (1983)
  • Ake v. Oklahoma, 470 U.S. 68, 105 S.Ct. 1087 (1985)
  • Ford v. Wainwright, 477 U.S. 399, 106 S.Ct. 2595 (1986)
  • Payne v. Tennessee, 111 S.Ct. 2597 (1991)
  • State v.Perry, 610 So.2d 746 (La. 1992)
Prisoner's Rights
  • Baxstrom v. Herold, 383 U.S. 107, 86 S.Ct. 760 (1966)
  • Estelle V. Gamble, 429 U.S. 97, 97 S.Ct. 285 (1976)
  • Vitek v. Jones, 445 U.S 480, 100 S.Ct. 1254 (1980)
  • Farmer v. Brennan, 114 S.Ct. 1970 (1994)
Defendant's Rights
Confessions    
  • Colorado v. Connelly, 479 U.S. 157, 107 S.Ct. 515 (1986)
Guilty Pleas    
  • North Carolina v. Alford, 400 U.S. 25, 91 S.Ct. 160 (1970)
Sex Offenders    
  • Specht v. Patterson, 386 U.S. 605, 87 S.Ct. 1209 (1967)    
  • Allen v. Illinois, 478 U.S. 364, 106 S.Ct. 2988 (1986)    
  • Kansas v. Hendricks, 117 S.Ct. 2072 (1997)    
  • In re Young & Cunningham, 857 P.2d. 989 (WA 1993)
Drugs/Alcohol
  • Robinson v. California, 370 U.S. 660, 82 S.Ct. 1417 (1962)
  • Powell v. Texas, 392 U.S. 514, 88 S.Ct. 2145 (1968)
Hypnosis
  • State v. Hurd, 173 N.J. Super. 333, 414 A.2d 291 (1980)
  • People v. Shirley, 181 Cal. Rptr. 243 (1982)
  • Rock v. Arkansas, 483 U.S. 44, 107 S.Ct. 2704 (1987)

Emotional Harm/Disability/Workplace Issues

  • Carter v. General Motors, 361 Mich. 577, 106 N.W.2d 105 (1960)
  • Dillon v. Legg, 68 Cal. 2d 728, 441 P.2d 912 (1968)
Americans With Disabilities Act
  • Bragdon v. Abbott, 118 S.Ct. 2196 (1998)
  • Pennsylvania v. Yesky, 118 S.Ct. 1952 (1998)
  • Olmstead v. L. C. ex rel Zimring, 119 S.Ct. 2176 (1999)
Sexual Harassment
  • Meritor Savings Bank v. Vinson, 106 S.Ct. 2399 (1986)
  • Harris v. Forklift Systems, Inc., 114 S.Ct. 367 (1993)
  • Oncale v. Sundowner Offshore Services, Inc., 118 S.Ct. 998 (1998)
Expert Witness Testimony Standards
  • Frye v. U.S., 293 F. 1013 (1923)
  • Daubert v. Merrell Dow, 61 U.S.L.W. 4805, 113 S.Ct. 2786 (1993)
  • General Electric v. Joiner, 118 S.Ct. 512 (1997)
  • Kumho Tire v. Carmichael, 119 S.Ct. 1l67 (1999)

Child Cases

Child Abuse Reporting
  • Landeros v. Flood, 17 Cal. 3d 399, 551 P.2d 389 (1976)
  • People v. Stritzinger, 34 Cal. 3d 505, 668 P.2d 738 (1983)
  • State v. Andring, 342 N.W.2d 128 (Minn. 1984)
  • DeShaney v. Winnebago, 489 U.S. 189, 109 S.Ct. 998 (1989)
Juvenile Court
  • Gault,In Re,387 U.S. 1, 87 S.Ct. 1428 (1967)
Education Related Services
  • Board of Education v. Rowley, 458 U.S. 176, 102 S.Ct. 3034 (1982)
  • Irving Independent School District v. Tatro, 468 U.S. 883, 104 S.Ct. 3371 (1984)
Custody
  • Painter v. Bannister, 258 Iowa 1390, 140 N.W.2d 152 (1966)
  • Santosky v. Kramer, 455 U.S. 745, 102 S.Ct.1388 (1982)